Of the various thyroid disease sufferer thousands of people, mostly women. But are not all aware of the fact that in general they have problems with the thyroid gland
The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland, located at the beginning of throat. Hormones produced by this gland, affecting the work of all systems of the body. In excess of thyroid hormone, a man becomes hyperactive, lack of – feels drowsiness and weakness. Reduction of thyroxine, a hormone produced by the thyroid gland, make the body slow down, gain weight, being tired, and as the metabolism slows down, there is often an increase in body weight and constipation
Other symptoms include depression, sensitivity to cold, dry skin, decreased sense of taste and smell, slow heart rate, poor memory, difficulty concentrating, irregular periods, infertility, high cholesterol, goiter.
Hyperthyroidism (reinforced by the thyroid gland) iritibilnost and nervousness, weight loss, rapid and irregular heartbeat, feeling hot flashes, changes in appetite, muscle weakness, shortened periods, goiter.
Also, the thyroid gland is exposed to the risk of various diseases, and can be increased.
Goiter involves an enlarged thyroid gland regardless of which the cause work. “Triggers” stifle can be different – from a lack of iodine in the diet (usually occurs in continental areas), to disorders in the metabolism of iodine, puberty, pregnancy or drugs that block the deposition of iodine. Goiter is more common in women, mainly due to the effects of the female sex hormone. An enlarged thyroid gland is after puberty and pregnancy usually decreases itself, if not a goiter.
Symptoms of an enlarged thyroid identified by problems with swallowing, coughing or feeling pressure, “dumplings” in the throat, especially in severe cases.
To them can be reached by overview touch, to accommodate the nodes behind the breastbone not see on the neck and thus fails to seamlessly grow. Nodes can be softer or harder, while very hard nodes can be a symptom of a malignant disease.
Thyroid cancer is quite rare type of cancer, but the first as far as the rising prevalence. After the operation, a high percentage of recovery and survival in the next five years and it is therefore considered treatable in cases of early detection.
Thyroiditis means inflammation of the thyroid and creates hyperthyroidism, followed by hypothyroidism may occur or not accompanied by changes in the secretion of thyroid hormones.
Check the thyroid gland at home
To check the thyroid gland at home, you’ll need a mirror and a glass of water.
1. Take a sip of water.
2. Lift your chin and observe your thyroid. You can repeat the process several times.
3. Pay attention to it, if you notice unusual changes and asymmetry.
Perform this procedure regularly to make sure that does not increase, especially if you often feel tired for no reason.
If the thyroid gland is a little higher than usual, and there are some nodes, there is no need to panic right away. Maybe it’s nothing serious but definitely should seek the opinion of experts. Nodes can be softer or harder, while very hard nodes can be a symptom of a malignant disease.