This information will help you quickly discover the disease and start treatment on time!
When a larger internal organ fails, the whole body feels the consequences. The first symptoms of cirrhosis often occur only in the last stages of the disease and in many cases do not immediately indicate liver disease.
If liver tissue is increasingly replaced by connective tissue, the liver can function less and less efficiently.
As a result, sooner or later affects the whole body. Particularly impaired metabolism.
Toxins that really need to be destroyed by the liver are transported through the blood in the body. As a result, they can cause significant damage, such as brain damage, for example. In addition, the liver can no longer produce important proteins. One possible effect is the clotting problem.
Liver cirrhosis affects the skin: it can become yellowish, and itching sometimes occurs. There is also a chance that gallstones may form faster.
Liver disease also affects the hormonal balance and some other metabolic functions. Many cirrhosis patients lose weight because their bodies no longer properly digest nutrients.
To stop cirrhosis of the liver, you should always treat the causative agent. If this does not happen, then more and more liver cells are destroyed and replaced with connective tissue. In addition, there are complications that need to be addressed immediately to prevent life-threatening organ failure (hepatic coma).
It should be noted that the breakdown of liver cells occurs at a late stage of the disease, as the organ has a very high reserve function. The first symptoms usually do not immediately indicate liver damage:
- constant fatigue;
- reduced efficiency; anxiety,
- weight loss,
- as well as mood swings
- pressure or upper abdominal pain;
- Dry skin
Often the symptoms can be observed mainly on the skin, not in the liver. Skin lesions in liver cirrhosis include:
- The skin color is yellowish.
- The appearance of blood vessels in the form of stars, especially in the face and upper body
- Itching of the skin
- Flushing the palms of the hands.
- Red tongue, soft and dry
As well as the body does not absorb many vitamins and minerals. Even the insulin hormone does not decompose properly, causing a change in the metabolism of sugar or starch. If no action is taken, it can lead to diabetes (hepatogenic diabetes).
Metabolic disorders also affect hormonal balance, especially in men. The testes shrink and create impotence; moreover, the breasts expand, the hairs on the body fall and swollen belly shape. In women, irregular menstrual bleeding is a sign of hormonal imbalance.
Complications in cirrhosis
If the cause of cirrhosis is not treated, serious complications may occur. The connective tissue that is formed during the disease is a barrier to blood supply.
There is a dangerous hypertension (portal hypertension) in the veins of the liver and the portal vein. Because blood can not flow through the liver. As a result, the vessels are extensively expanded, with varicose veins, especially in the esophagus or stomach.
As blood pressure continues to increase, the vessels can be damaged and cause severe bleeding. The result of such a loss of blood is sweating, change in heart rate and acceleration of breathing to fatal shock. This viral haemorrhage is deadly and the patient should be taken to a clinic as soon as possible.
Due to the high blood pressure in the portal vein, the fluid is pressed into the abdominal cavity and can lead to ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity). The stomach is swollen and inflamed and is also difficult to breathe.
If toxins pass through the blood into the brain, there are several neurological and psychiatric conditions (hepatic encephalopathy). The first signs are usually sleep disturbances, mood swings, or motor coordination issues.
There are also periods of confusion and loss of consciousness. Intoxication can be restored if the cause of cirrhosis is treated. Otherwise, there is a risk of life-threatening liver failure.
Damaged liver cells often degenerate and cause cancer, especially in viral hepatitis. Then a malignant tumor (liver cancer) is formed that grows relatively quickly and forms secondary tumors.
It is important to pay attention to any symptoms and consult a doctor promptly.