Lung cancer is the second most common type of cancer in men and women (after prostate cancer in men and breasts in women). Men and women suffer from different types of lung cancer, so be careful about the symptoms and warning signs, as it is very important to look for symptoms specific to your gender.
Lung Cancer in Women
This type of cancer is called adenocarcinoma and extends from the outside of the lungs.
The symptoms are more evident than in other types of lung cancer. The tumor can become large and in many cases can spread throughout the body before it is detected.
Some of the earliest symptoms are:
- Pain behind the arm and shoulder
- Shortness of breath during exercise
Once cancer begins to grow, the following symptoms occur:
- Increased mucus release and discoloration
- Chest, shoulder and back pain
- Stubborn cough
- Cough with a blood separation
- Cough with sputum or mucus with blood
- Lack of air
This type of cancer is actually difficult to detect. It spreads to other parts of the body, and this can only be noticed when it reaches the most advanced stages. Signs can be felt on various parts of the body such as bones, liver, lymph nodes and adrenal glands. The following symptoms occur:
- Loss of muscle mass
- Loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss
- Blood clots
- Edema of the neck or face
- Loss of memory
- Bone fractures that are not caused by accidental injuries
- Joint or bone pain
Lung Cancer in Men
The squamous cell carcinoma manifested in men is known as non-small cell lung cancer. It develops in the central part of the lungs, near the main airway (bronchus), as a result of which it is difficult to pass through air, and this causes symptoms that are more obviously related to lung cancer than those most commonly observed in women.
Here are some of the symptoms:
- Multiple lung infections such as bronchitis or pneumonia
- Chronic cough
Symptoms related to lung cancer in men interfere with the airway more than the condition in women, but according to many studies, men disregard these symptoms because of their smoking habits.
It is very important not to ignore the warning signs, although the symptoms of lung cancer may seem obvious. It is also very important to reduce the risk of lung cancer at all costs, and unfortunately for some addicted smokers, this also includes quitting smoking.