We have heard several times from experts that there are groups of people in whom the coronavirus causes a much more severe condition than others. There is often even a lethal outcome.
It is widely accepted that coronavirus is especially dangerous for adults. No! People with previous illnesses are also a risk group. And not just those suffering from diabetes or asthma.
Diseases that should be taken into account
The human immune system protects the body from all dangerous “invaders”, such as viruses. When this system is weakened, the situation becomes critical, especially if the body is forced to cope with an external infection, such as Covid-19.
These underlying conditions make coronavirus more severe
Chronic pulmonary diseases
People with asthma have difficulty breathing air out of their lungs. Therefore, they experience acute shortness of breath. In them, the lungs have impaired function, and as the body tries to compensate for this deficiency, it has weaker defense forces. Asthma attacks can be triggered by various allergens or respiratory tract infections, which can occur in Covid-19. When the body is difficult to cope with the double workload, serious disorders can occur which, in the worst case, end in death.
Chronic bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema
These are also respiratory diseases. Scientists believe that in many cases they occur as a result of smoking. People who suffer from such ailments have a weakened immune system and impaired lung function, making viruses much more easily able to attack the body.
People with diabetes initially have weaker defenses. This applies to both forms – Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Increased blood sugar levels disrupt the body’s resistance to the disease, and if any infectious disease occurs, the general condition of diabetics rapidly deteriorates. Diabetes damages the blood vessels and internal organs, the whole body is imbalanced, and in this state, it can be much harder to deal with any dangerous virus that has penetrated from outside.
Diseases of the cardiovascular system
These include coronary or ischemic heart disease in which the blood supply to the heart tissue is impaired or not functioning at all. This is usually due to arteriosclerosis – ie. calcification and narrowing of blood vessels. In this condition, any infection can have fatal consequences. Also, people with heart defects should be more cautious in the face of an epidemic.
High blood pressure
An estimated 103 million U.S. adults have high blood pressure. Hypertension also carries increased risks for patients affected by the infection. Constantly elevated blood pressure damages the heart, which is permanently exposed to a higher load than normal. This impairs the chances of the body to fight off a possible viral infection.
Viral infections are also very dangerous for cancer patients. Chemotherapy with cytostatics, for example, aims to prevent cancer cells from multiplying, but it also affects healthy tissue, which is why it badly affects human immunity. The body becomes susceptible to infection.
Another danger is autoimmune diseases. Patients are prescribed immunosuppressant drugs to prevent the immune system from attacking its own body. Such medicines suppress the immune system’s reactive forces or even block them completely.
Thus, the body becomes susceptible to all viral diseases. This group of diseases includes multiple sclerosis, rheumatism, as well as some chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract such as Crohn’s disease. Some AIDS patients also take similar medications.